Bloodborne pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses, are present in blood and body fluids and can cause disease in humans. The Bloodborne Pathogens of primary concern are hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. These and other bloodborne pathogens are spread primarily through:
■ Direct contact – Infected blood or body fluid from one person enters another person’s body at a correct entry site, such as infected blood splashing in the eye.
■ Indirect contact – A person’s skin touches an object that contains the blood or body fluid of an infected person, such as picking up soiled dressings contaminated with an infected person’s
blood or body fluid.
■ Respiratory droplet transmission – A person inhales droplets from an infected person, such as through a cough or sneeze.
■ Vector-borne transmission – A person’s skin is penetrated by an infectious source, such as an insect bite.